There are many types of roses, all of which need to be pruned in different ways and at different times. In this blog, we explain exactly how and when to prune each rose.
The calendar below shows you exactly when you need to prune your rose. You can even download the pruning calendar, which makes things even easier!
Large-flowered roses and spray roses
Pruning in February and March
Large-flowered roses and spray roses can be pruned as early as February or March. To prevent frost damage, we recommend that you only prune if there is not a hard frost. Cut back any frost-damaged branches of large-flowered roses. Remove the dead wood, too.
We recommend that you do not allow the bushes to produce more than five main branches. Prune off branches at different heights until you have removed any excess branches. Prune thicker branches down to seven buds, thinner ones down to five. The highest bud should preferably point outwards. This prevents a branch from later growing inwards. Cut the roses with sharp secateurs just above the bud.
Pruning in the summer
In summer, we prune the rose flowers. By this we mean cutting away flowers that have finished blooming. The more you cut, the more the rose will continue to bloom. Cutting away spent flowers prevents the rose 'wasting' its energy on producing seeds (forming rose hips).
Pruning in October and November
In autumn, after the roses have finished blooming, you might want to prune the plant into shape in order to 'tidy it up' for winter. That's no problem. Just remember not to cut the roses too short. Otherwise, they might freeze a bit in winter.
Pruning from February to March
You don't need to prune climbing roses for the first few years after planting them. After that, you can start pruning. If you do not prune your climbing rose at all, after a few years the greenery and flowers will grow higher and higher. The lower part of the climbing rose will begin to look rather bare. To prevent this, every year you can cut back some of the main branches to 3 buds and to around 30–40 cm above the ground. Make sure that the branches that you prune back are evenly spread across the plant; the climbing rose will grow again from these branches. Cut back around a third of the rose.
Drastically cut back the offshoots of the main branches that flowered the previous year until these offshoots are only 2 to 3 cm long. Do not cut back young wood as that is where most flowers will soon appear.
Always prune off dead branches.
Pruning in March
In the case of ground-covering roses, you can prune away the dead wood in March along with the branches damaged by frost. Otherwise, this type of rose does not need to be pruned. If you would like to cut back your ground-covering roses—because they're getting a bit wild, say - apply the pruning technique for large-flowered roses or spray roses.
Pruning from February to March
If you want to prune back a standard rose, it's best to prune until you have five main branches left. Prune thicker branches down to seven buds, other ones down to five. The last bud ought to face towards the outside of the rose bush.
Remember also to prune away the dead wood and the branches damaged by frost.
Pruning away wild branches
Many of today's roses are grafted. This means that a refined (cultivated) rose with good traits has been grown on wild root stock. This is done because the cultivated rose is less susceptible to disease and the wild root stock has a lot of growing power. This gives the rose a great boost. A grafted rose is stronger and hardier in winter.
Grafted roses have a grafting point. This is the thicker part that the branches stem from. This is where the cultivated rose has been grown on the wild root stock.
Sometimes, one or more branches may grow on the part below the grafting point (i.e. on the 'wild' root stock). These are referred to as 'wild' branches. There is not much chance that pretty flowers will grow here, so these branches can be pruned away. Cut off the 'wild' wood as closely to the root stock as possible. You can prune off the 'wild' branches whenever you like.
Don't forget to download the rose pruning calendar.