Pond plants aren't just lovely in the garden, they're vital to a pond. Waterside plants, marsh plants and water lilies add brilliant colour to a pond. Oxygenating aquatic plants, floating plants and some water plants improve the aquatic environment and protect against algae. We divide the different types of aquatic plants into pond zones. The waterside plants are in the first zone. These are found at the outer edge of the pond. Zone 2, marsh plants, can be planted in a layer of water or in very moist soil. Water plants grow in Zone 3 and are often planted on a plateau in the pond. These plants are planted at a depth of about 40 cm. Please note: depth is calculated from the water surface. Zone 4 and 5 are for water lilies and oxygenating plants, respectively. We plant them in the deeper areas of the pond. Finally, Zone 6 is for floating plants. We place these plants on the water's surface rather than planting them in soil. The roots that grow from the leaves absorb nutrients from the water.
- Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis red - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Common water plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica white - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Marsh gladiolus Schizostylis 'Mrs Hegarty' red - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Purple loosestrife Lythrum salicaria purple - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- purple iris versicolor - Waterside plant
- Japanese water iris kaempferi purple - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Heart-leaved houttuynia Houttuynia 'Chameleon' - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Japanese iris 'Variegata' purple
- Siberian blue iris sibirica blue-purple - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Marsh cranesbill Geranium palustre purple - Marsh plant, waterside plant
- Ragged robin Lychnis flos-cuculi pink - Marsh plant, waterside plant
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Waterside plantsWaterside plants can be planted in full ground, just like garden plants. We place them on the edge of the pond where the soil tends to be moister. Waterside plants are not in the water, unless the pond overflows when there is heavy rain. Days when it is hot out, the water will quickly evaporate from the soil quickly and the plants will be in dry soil. In other words, waterside plants are resilient plants that can handle different weather conditions. Waterside plants often have luscious flowers that transform the pond into an aquatic paradise. You can complete the pond's edge with stones, gravel or clay. Add a layer to the pond as well as the waterside.
Planting waterside plantsWaterside plants are planted in open ground. Establish waterside plants as soon as the pond has been installed. Waterside plants often tend to like sunny spots, although some may also thrive in partial shade. So it's preferable to plant them in full sun. The best place for a pond is generally a sunny spot in the garden. Dig a large hole for the waterside plants and loosen the soil around the hole so extra water can drain away. Then put the plant's root ball in the hole and fill it with normal garden potting soil. Finally, lightly tamp down the soil and top it off with gravel or stones. Not only does this create a tidy edge, it helps keep the potting soil from eroding.
Caring for waterside plantsCare for waterside plants the same way you would perennials, but remember that waterside plants like more moisture. Waterside plants often don't need extra water, especially in rainy areas. We recommend that you water them only when there are long dry spells. The fertilisation of waterside plants and perennials is also identical. Plants are fed during the period when they are growing and flowering. But be sure not to fertilise them too much. Excessive fertiliser can end up in the pond water and disturb its balance, giving algae the opportunity to develop. Waterside plants can be cut back in autumn. The foliage often dies off during winter and grows back in the spring. After a year, the waterside plants may have grown a lot and can be separated. The separated parts can be planted again and will develop into new plants.
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