Plant the green peas in a nice spot in full sun. After sowing, water the seeds adequately. The vegetable seeds come in a bag containing approximately 15 grams.
|Latin name:||Pisum sativum|
|Guarantee:||1 year growth and flowering guarantee|
|Leafs all year:||No|
|Harvesting:||June - August|
Sugar pea seeds require no prior treatment although you could steep them in lukewarm water for 24 hours to encourage germination. Leaving them in water for longer (3-4 days) will see them shoot a 1 cm root, after which you really must sow them. Harvesting will be one week earlier if you do this.
How to Sow
Germination will take up to 14 days. You can sow your peas in various ways:
1. Directly in the garden, full sun, March and April. Loosen the soil with a fork up to 30 cm deep. There should be NO fresh manure in the soil and it should not be too damp or cold. Improving the soil with humus (manure free compost) could help. Draw a 4 cm deep furrow along a string stretched from end to end of a row and plant 1 pea every 10 cm. Cover the pea to about 4 or 5 cm, press lightly down and sprinkle with water. Label your rows with the variety. Planting distance between rows is 70 cm. A well anchored fleece tunnel will protect the seedlings from birds.
2. Encourage early germination (and spoil the birds' chances of stealing your seedlings) by starting them off indoors. Sow 1 pea per pot in February, in pots filled with fine potting compost and cover to a max. depth of 3 cm. Press firmly down and sprinkle with water. Stand the pots at room temperature in the light. If they threaten to grow too large before they can go outdoors (too cold!), stand them in a cooler spot. Do not allow to dry out. Allow enough space between plants so that the leaves are almost touching. They can go outdoors from March, after being hardened off (outdoors in the shade, one hour longer each day for 5 days). Plant 10 cm apart in rows 70 cm apart.
Earth up your pea plants once they reach 12 cm. Tall and medium height sugar peas require a climbing support. To do this, insert a cane at both ends of a row and span large gauge chicken wire between the canes - as high as 1.2 metres for medium height sugar peas and 2.0 metres for taller ones. The pea's tendrils will attach themselves and climb up. Tip: place the chicken wire before sowing your peas!
Provide extra water in dry periods only and keep the bed free of weeds to promote healthy growth in your sugar peas.
When harvesting your peas use both hands. Only using one hand can result in causing damage to the plant.
Sugar peas should be harvested when they show through the pod. Harvest weekly during the season. Young sugar peas are the most tender and tastiest. Once all the peas are harvested and there are no longer any flowers the plants can be dug up.
Sugar peas are selected for their edible pods, deliciously tender and free of thread. Pea varieties selected for the peas tend to have a 'thread' and the pods are inedible. Biologically speaking though, peas and mange tout / sugar peas are basically the same.
Medium and tall varieties produce a greater yield than dwarf varieties and involve a little more work.