Watering plants in the summer
Plants and other crops have a high water content. The flow of water from the roots to the leaves transports the absorbed nutrients to where they are needed. This is why it's important that plants get enough water. Plants produce the substances that they need in order to grow by themselves. Groundwater (containing salts) is absorbed through the roots. The plant removes carbon dioxide from the air using its leaves. Read more about watering below.
The amount of water that plants need varies greatly from crop to crop, and is also affected by the stage of growth and the variety. Remember that too much water can be just as harmful as too little water! For example, soil that is too moist causes diseases and fungi, while saturated soil can cause plants to suffocate. And aside from that, responsible water use is also good for the environment. So there are plenty of reasons to deal with water in a measured manner!
Watering when planting
Some plants can still be planted in spring or even early summer. If it is already very hot at this time of year, the new plants need to be protected straight after planting. Before planting, briefly immerse the root ball in a container of water. This allows the roots to absorb the water right away. Also pour some water at the roots immediately after planting shrubs, conifers or trees. This will help the moist roots to easily form new root hairs and the plant will grow well. The plants often need more water in the first few weeks so make sure that you spray them frequently.
In periods of extreme heat and drought you need to give your plants a little extra help. They often need double the amount of water they normally would. Our advice is to water your plants in the morning before the heat is at its most intense and in the evening when it has cooled down again. Water droplets act like a magnifying glass during the day. This can lead to burns on your lawn and on flowers and leaves. In addition, most of the water will just evaporate when the sun is shining in the afternoon. Regular misting in the afternoon can help to keep your plants cool.
There a number of familiar aids you can use to make spraying easy and provide your crops with the moisture they need:
- Watering can. Handy for a small garden! Think carefully about what size to buy. Make sure you choose a watering can that you can lift once it is full!
- Garden hose. This reduces the effort required. It's best to store the hose rolled up and in a shady place.
- Atomiser. This is the adjustable 'showerhead' on an extendible hose. The compact size of the atomiser makes it ideal for watering on the balcony or patio!
Do you often put off spraying your plants or find you don't have the time? Why not check out our automatic watering systems.
- Place a container of water next to the plants to keep the air around them moist.
- If the plants are still suffering from the amount of sunlight they are exposed to, put them in the shade. You can shade bedding plants using a parasol.
- Put plants in pots up against each other. This helps to slow down the evaporation process.
- Use a rain barrel. Not only does this save water, it also means that the water is at ambient temperature, which is better for the plants.
- Giving your plants extra compost/plant food/humus will make the soil retain moisture for longer.
- Make sure that not your entire garden area is paved and that there is still space for water to seep through to the earth. You can do this by using gravel or grass, for instance, or by leaving gaps.