Indoor Plant: Fern
From bushy and dark green to a sleek and silvery grey-green, ferns come in all shapes and sizes, and the leaves vary between plants. One may have curled leaves, the other might be rather frilly and a third may not have any feathering to it at all. Together these ferns make up an appealing group of indoor plants that are a perfect fit for any home botanical collection. As a bonus, ferns also provide your house with healthier air.
The most popular indoor ferns are the staghorn (Platycerium), bird’s nest (Asplenium), deerfoot (Davallia), cabbage palm fern (Phlebodium, maidenhair (Adiantum), holly fern (Cyrtomium), table fern (Pteris), Pellaea (cliffbrake) and the well-known macho fern (Neprolepis). Fern species with harder, stiffer leaves are easier to care for, because less moisture evaporates. Bird’s-nest and staghorn ferns make exceptional hanging plants.
- Ferns thrive in bright spaces, but not in full sun.
- Water the soil around them and not the centre of the plant, making sure that the root ball is always damp.
- Ferns love a location with high humidity, such as a kitchen or bathroom.
- Are you putting your fern in a dry room? Place the decorative pot in a bowl with water, which will evaporate and moisten the air around the plant.
- Give them plant feed for 3-4 weeks during growing season.
- Ferns enjoy being sprayed and misted regularly.
- Remove any yellow or old leaves.
The Origin of Ferns
Ferns are among the oldest plants in the world. Fossil remains of these plants have been found that are around 420 million years old and, for a long time, tree ferns were the most common plants on Earth. The remnants of dead ferns are one of the components of charcoal deposits. There are approximately 10,000 different types of ferns, which grow all across humid regions. The only places you won’t find ferns are deserts and areas with permanent snow. Ferns that are used as indoor plants typically come from tropical and sub-tropical zones.
Ferns reproduce by using spores. The sporangia (which produce the spores) are often found in various locations beneath the leaves: at the tip, along the veins or edges, or simply spread out. When the sporangia have matured, they open up and the spores fall to the ground, where new ferns will grow.